1. Which one of the following statements best describes the ratio decidendi of a case?
2. Which one of the following statements best describes obiter dicta?
3. Which one of the following statements best describes a decision reached per incuriam?
4. In English law, it is possible for a magistrate to:
5. Which one of the following sentences best describes the doctrine of parliamentary sovereignty?
6. Which one of the following statements best describes the interpretive method of the mischief rule?
7. Which one of the following statements best describes an EU Regulation?
8. Which one of the following statements best describes an EU Directive?
9. If a High Court Judge sitting in the Queen’s Bench Division is unsure about a point of European law concerning the interpretation of an EU Directive, which of the following statements best describes the step which may be taken?
10. Which one aspect of the rule of law is NOT directly affected by the reduction in civil legal aid resulting from the Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012?
11. Which major reform resulted from the Woolf Report?
12. Which one of the following is NOT a duty owed by a solicitor?
13. Which one of the following best describes the English civil legal system’s approach to ADR?
14. Which one of the following statements represents a utilitarian approach to law?
15. Which of the following criteria must NOT be considered by the Judicial Appointments Commission in appointing judges?
1. Which of the following Acts governed the 2012 legal aid reforms?
2. Which statement best describes an appropriate use of the purposive rule of statutory interpretation?
3. Complete the sentence: When a conflict of interest arises between two of your clients, obtaining clients’ consent to your continuing to act...
4. Which of the following statements best describes the core role of the Lord Chief Justice?
5. Which of the following is a formal requirement for becoming a Magistrate?
6. The decision in Pepper v Hart enables the court to receive evidence of statements in Hansard in limited circumstances. Which of the following statements best describes those circumstances?
7. Which of the following should NOT be an objective of an advocate making a bail application?
8. Which of the following is a necessary element of the rule of law?
9. Which person or body has responsibility within England and Wales for courts, prisons, probation and constitutional affairs?
10. Barry wishes to appeal a decision by the Court of Appeal. His case concerns the relationship between an English Statute and a European Union Regulation. Which court would hear his appeal?
11. Complete the sentence: The UK is a...
12. In the context of civil procedure which of the following best supports 'natural justice'?
13. Which of the following statements best describes Lady Hale?
14. The case Annison v Nolan has the citation ‘ EWCA Civ 54’. Which of the following is NOT true about the case?
Frederick is the owner and operator of ‘Freddie’s Fishmongers’, and is the occupier of the premises for the purposes of the law. One of the key attractions of the shop is its large crab pool, from which customers are able to select fresh crabs. The pool is 2 metres wide, 2 metres long, and 1 metre deep.
In response to a number of customers dipping their hands in the crab pool, Frederick installs a sign beside the pool reading ‘Watch out – pincers about!’ and advises customers to stand back from the pool.
Frederick also plans to put rubber bands on the claws of the shellfish, but is distracted when the shipment of lobsters he ordered arrives. One lobster is a prize catch named Herbert, which weighs 10kg. Frederick adds all the lobsters to the pool and then closes the shop for the day, locking the door to the premises.
Shappi, aged 15, is dared by her friends at school to take a selfie while in the pool at Freddie’s Fishmongers. At 10.30pm that evening, she prises open an unlocked window at the front of the shop and quietly enters the premises. Upon confirming that she is alone in the shop, and keeping the lights off to ensure she is not caught, Shappi jumps into the pool.
Herbert attacks Shappi and removes four of her toes.
Shappi wishes to sue Frederick for damages.
In your answer, you should consider:
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